5 Fantastic Short Day Trips From Paris by Train

As this goes to press, spring is gently unfolding (admittedly following a mild winter that barely felt like one at all). So my mind turns, predictably enough, to short getaways from the city.

True, as detailed in my thoughts elsewhere on how to decide when to visit Paris, spring and summer are often (though not always) idyllic periods delivering heavy doses of the capital’s charms, so getting away on day trips isn’t necessarily de rigueur. On the contrary, many of you will prefer using up all your available time– and hopefully taking advantage of pleasant conditions–to be out and about in the city, memorizing the streets and claiming them for yourself.

Sometimes, you’ve just got to stage a short getaway from the city blight. Image: The Clos Normand at Monet’s gardens in Giverny/David McFadden/Some rights reserved under the Creative Commons 2.0 license.

In certain moments, though, even a place like Paris can get under your skin with its touches (or rages?) of urban blight– from that persistent whiff of urine wafting up from the corner next to your hotel, to the sweaty metal poles in the metro you’re obliged to clutch, knowing full well that they’re crawling with enough exotic bacteria to land you on your back with some stomach-churning bug.

With that in mind, here are 5 places I wholly recommend for a short day trip outside of the city walls. They’re all budget-friendly, requiring only reasonably priced tickets on local trains– or in one instance, a boat. They don’t take you away from the mesmerizing city and all its lures for too long– just long enough to take in some fresh air and quiet, recharging away from the crowds and noise.

Excursion #1: Giverny (Monet’s House and Gardens)

This shot of the Japanese ponds at Giverny– with its famed “nympheas” or water lilies– shows that it’s equally gorgeous in the fall. Image: Ninarna/Some rights reserved under the Creative Commons license

The home (and constant artistic inspiration) of impressionist painter Claude Monet from 1883 until the artist’s death in 1926, the iconic house and Japanese-style gardens nestled in the small town of Giverny are a true haven, and only a short train and shuttle ride outside of the city. Spring and fall are my favorite times to visit; winter is probably best avoided since it’s imperative to see the landscapes in their colorful, sumptuous full bloom, or during the fall when reds and oranges from deciduous trees play on the water.

Exploring the vast gardens, framed by towering, poetic willows and punctuated by immense ponds filled with nympheas, or water lilies– ones Monet would paint repeatedly in large-format tableau series— is something I associate with joyful moments.

Dahlias and Monet's house at Giverny. Image: Norman Kingsford Vance, 2008.

Dahlias foreground Monet’s house at Giverny. Image: Painting by Norman Vance, 2008.

Most notably: I brought my late, beloved grandparents here when they were both in their late ’70s, and that trip is indelibly etched in my mind. I watched my grandfather, a talented and ambitious but commercially unsuccessful painter, smile with tears welling up in his eyes at the fact of finally seeing firsthand a place he had admired for so many years in paintings. For him, visiting the gardens at Giverny and exploring Monet’s house filled with memorabilia and objects of artistic inspiration was unthinkably wonderful, because he had believed he’d never live to make the trip. He went on to paint several (impressionistic) scenes of the gardens, but unfortunately, the only image I have on file is this small and badly pixellated one at left, of dahlias and cheerful yellow blossoms outside Monet’s green-shuttered house. It doesn’t do justice to the rich quality of the original, of course, but it gives an idea of what he was going for.

I still think of him, his eyes glistening with tears, as he stood with the support of his cane on the green Japanese-style bridge overlooking the water lilies. It’s an image that never fails to make my own eyes well up.

Pivoting back to more practical matters: While I personally find the gardens to be the most important draw card at Giverny, the house is worth a visit, especially for Monet’s collection of Japanese prints and quirky furnishings; the adjoining museum dedicated to American painting has an interesting collection, too, if time allows. I also recommend getting outside of the gardens and having lunch in the cute little town itself, which is located at the very edge of the Normandy region.

Read unbiased traveler reviews of Giverny and Monet’s Gardens at TripAdvisor

Getting There & Practical Info: 

The easiest way to get to Giverny and Monet’s gardens is by train. From the Saint-Lazare train station (follow the signs from the metro to the “SNCF-Grandes Lignes” exit), take the regional train line Paris/Rouen/Le Havre to the Vernon-Giverny stop.

From there, shuttles leave regularly for the gardens. The entire trip takes around an hour and a half, and isn’t terribly expensive. For more practical information, including current admission prices, visit the official website. 

Excursion #2: Provins and its awe-inspiring medieval fortifications

Provins, France

Provins, a UNESCO World Heritage Site town, lies a little over an hour outside Paris by train. Image: Le Relais de Libreval

The second short trip away I wholly recommend is to Provins, a UNESCO World Heritage site that offers one of the most well-preserved examples of medieval fortifications in Europe.

This is a town that hardly gets any attention in your average guidebook, but in my sense it’s one of the most interesting, and prettiest, places in the Paris (Ile-de-France) region. As with all the other places listed here, spring and fall are the best time to go, but a winter trip won’t hurt, as long as it’s not too rainy out.

Exploring the city takes only about three hours– five if you stop for a long, French-style lunch. Make sure to see the dramatic Caesar Tower, dating to the 9th century and a powerful symbol of the old noble families of Champagne. Exploring the realistically furnished rooms with fireplaces, as well as the creepy dungeon, is fascinating.

In the spring (generally from late March), Provins comes fully alive with medievalist festivals complete with jousting matches and elaborate costumes, craft fairs, and traditional town processions featuring banners inscribed with regional codes of arms, offering a glimpse into local traditions that have scarcely changed over hundreds of years. Rose products are also proffered everywhere during the spring and early summer– a perfect time to stock up on perfumes, jams, honey or potpourri full of the stuff, for those who enjoy the scent or flavor. Oh, and my partner, who happens to be a scholar of medieval literature, wishes for me to add that you might also procure a decent bottle of Hippocras– a traditional wine flavored with spices and sugar, in town.

Read traveler reviews of Provins at TripAdvisor

Getting There & Practical Info: 

From the Paris Gare de l’Est regional train station, take the train to Provins (there are several daily); consult schedules at sncf.fr.

ParisCityVision also offers a day trip to Provins that includes shuttle transport to and from central Paris, priority entrance to main attractions, and a ticket to the “Eagle on the Ramparts” theme show.

For more practical info, transport options and details on current and upcoming events you can visit the town’s official website. 

Excursion #3: Chateau Vaux-le-Vicomte

Chateau Vaux-le-Viconte outside Paris

Chateau Vaux-le-Vicomte doesn’t get even a sliver of the press Versailles does– but it’s arguably more harmonious and romantic. Image: @lain G/ Some rights reserved under the Creative Commons license.

It gets only a sliver of the attention that Versailles does– but Chateau Vaux-le-Vicomte, which in fact inspired the more famous, significantly larger château and gardens, is a true masterpiece of 17th-century French architecture.

While much smaller than Versailles, Vaux-le-Vicomte and its gardens arguably represent a more harmonious, less garish and more romantic version of the Louis XIV style. This is true of the lovely formal gardens, which include the perfectly proportioned assembly of fountains, parterres, water basins and gravelled paths designed by Le Notre.

 A juicy, scandalous history…

It’s also got a juicy history behind it. Commissioned by the Marquis Nicolas Fouquet, a friend to the French playwright Molière and fervently loyal to King Louis XIV (the “Sun King”), Fouquet’s intention, in ordering the construction of the Chateau Vaux–le-Vicomte, was to flatter and win the favor of the king by achieving new heights of luxury and grandeur. He reportedly razed three local villages and hired some 18,000 workers to have it built, commissioning Andre Le Notre and Louis le Vau to come up with the layout and design– who would later go on to design much of Versailles and its vast gardens.

On the night of the earlier Chateau’s inauguration, pomp and circumstance was at full throttle. One of Moliere’s plays was performed to celebrate the occasion, and lavish, expensive fireworks filled the skies.

Sadly, one of Fouquet’s arch nemeses, a certain Jean-Baptiste Colbert, fed Louis XIV information falsely suggesting that Fouquet had misused public funds to build the new château. Fouquet was promptly arrested, his rival taking his place as superintendent of finances. His plans to impress the Sun King had entirely backfired– an episode that the satirist Voltaire would later document in one of his essays.

Getting There & Practical Info: 

Vaux-le-Vicomte is only 35 minutes away from central Paris– far closer than Versailles. There is an easy direct train from Paris Gare de L’Est station (the same one, line P, that heads to Provins). The stop is the Verneuil l’Etang station.

Once at Verneuil, look for the signs to the “Châteaubus” shuttle service. Only cash is accepted by drivers for the shuttle– I advise making sure you have some before boarding the train in Paris.

Annual closures: Note that the château is habitually closed through most of November, January and February. Check the official website for opening times, ticket prices and other detailed practical information.

Book tours for the Chateau Vaux-le-Vicompte at TripAdvisor

Excursion #4: Cruise & Picnic on the Marne River- “On the Impressionists’ Trail”

Camille Pissarro, The Marne at Chennevieres, circa 1864

Camille Pissarro, The Marne at Chennevieres, circa 1864. National Gallery, Scotland/public domain.

Most tourists are aware that boarding  a “Bateau-Mouche” on the Seine can be a relaxing way to get some reprieve from walking around everywhere.

The cruise that I recommend the most, however, isn’t on the Seine, but on the Marne river– whose graceful green banks and “guinguettes” (musical cafes dotted along the riverside) were documented by impressionist painters including Camille Pissarro (his painting is pictured above), Sisley, Caillebotte and Monet.

One trip a few years ago with a bunch of friends on a weekend cruise organized by the company Canauxrama was all I needed to be sold on the Marne’s myriad charms. The cruise started in Paris, near the Bastille Opera. The boat wended through eastern Paris, through the old lock systems of the Canal St-Martin, until we left the metropolitan zone and were suddenly surrounded by lush, green banks and countryside air. We had a glass of champagne on board, then a picnic on a grassy riverbank before resuming the cruise. There was something timeless about the trip that made the worldview of some of my favorite impressionists seem, suddenly, much more vivid.

To book a cruise with Canauxrama and view details on prices as well as a sightseeing map, see this page.  Lunch at a riverside restaurant called Chez Gégène is optional– I’d suggest packing a picnic instead, weather permitting. The photo ops on this cruise are very good, too, so make sure to bring a camera.

Spring or summer is definitely ideal for this particular day trip.

Excursion #5: Fontainebleau Forest and Chateau

Foret de Fontainebleau

Once royal hunting grounds. the Foret de Fontainebleau is a favorite place to hike and rock-climb outside of Paris. Mickaël T./ Some rights reserved under Creative Commons.

Last but not least on my list: the forest and château at Fontainebleau, another under-visited green space in the Ile-de-France region that tourists would do well to discover. The rocky landscapes of the enormous (but admittedly rather tame) forest, which once served as royal hunting grounds, attract both hikers and rock climbers. It offers welcome expanses of greenery and fresh air to walkers eager to escape the city pollution for a day.

The Chateau at Fontainebleau under dramatic skies. I

The Chateau at Fontainebleau under dramatic skies. Image credit: Henry Marion/Some rights reserved under the Creative Commons 2.0 license.

Meanwhile, the Chateau has 1500 rooms, and has been a country residence to French kings and Emperors from the 11th century to the 19th.  Emperor Napoleon I was a great admirer, basking in the grandeur and pomp of it all, though he never lived there. Napoleon III was the last ruler to occupy the Chateau during the Second Empire, before France finally threw off royal and imperial rule.

Read reviews from fellow travelers at TripAdvisor, and book priority-entrance tickets to the château (via Tiqets.com)

Getting There & Practical Info: 

To get to Fontainebleau, the easiest option is to take the regional SNCF train from Gare de Lyon. You can take either the  Montargis Sens, Montereau or Laroche-Migennes lines. Get off  at the Fontainebleau-Avon station, then take the ‘Ligne 1’ bus with “Lilas” as its final destination. Your stop is simply called ‘Château’.

For detailed information on how to get to the forest and learn more about the walking trails there, see this page.

Ready to plan your trip?

If so, and particularly if you’re coming from overseas, it’s always wise to compare deals and book well in advance. Search for the best deals on flights and hotels (via Skyscanner) and book train and Eurostar tickets (via RailEurope). 

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Courtney Traub
Founder at Paris Unlocked

Courtney Traub is a longtime Paris resident who now divides her time (as well as she can manage) between the French capital and somewhere around London. She’s the editor of the About Paris Travel website, and co-author of the 2012 Michelin Green Guide to Northern France & the Paris Region. She has written and reported for media outlets including Radio France Internationale, Reed Business Information, WWD, and The Associated Press, and is a scholar of literature and cultural history whose essays and reviews have appeared in various forums. She has a rather obsessive curiosity and passion for environmental history and ethics, the way we navigate and build stories around cities, and food. Probably the latter most of all, in truth.


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